What happened in the world in 2020 other than coronavirus?
The Covid-19 virus, which has entered our lives since the last days of 2019, has been infected by 80 million people and approximately 1.8 million people have died, constituted an important part of the agenda in 2020.
In 2020, which passed with the quarantine process, deaths, epidemics and masks, many important events took place, except for the coronavirus.
From natural disasters to political events, from the death of legendary athletes to scientific developments, we have compiled for you, except for the corona virus in 2020 …
2020 IS THE HOTTEST YEAR
One of the most important issues that marked 2020 was the impact of climate change on the world. In 2020, where more attention was paid to fires, melting glaciers and greenhouse gas emissions, thermometers in the Yakutsk region in Siberia, known as the coldest place in the world, went up to 38 degrees, while the United Nations announced that 2020 was the hottest year ever measured.
THE GLACIERS CONTINUE TO MELT FOR THE LAST TIME
It was announced that the giant glacier called a68a was melting day by day in 2020, when the glaciers continued to melt in the Antarctic Continent, 98 percent covered with ice. It was stated that in 2017, when it broke off from Antarctica, A68a, whose surface was 6 thousand square kilometers, melted down to 4 thousand 800 square kilometers. However, it was underlined that the giant iceberg drifted in the sea and entered the collision course with South Georgia Island, which is connected to England, off the southernmost tip of South America.
100 THOUSAND FIRES IN AMAZON FORESTS
With the statement made in October, the number of fires in the Amazon forests, which broke out about 100 thousand fires in 2020, reached the peak of the last 12 years. While the Amazon forests, known as the “lungs of the world”, provide 20 percent of the earth’s oxygen, in 2020, natural life was damaged more and more every day in the forests where 10 percent of the world’s plant and animal species live.
33 people lost their lives in the worst fires in Australia’s history that started in September 2019 and lasted until March 2020. It has been announced that approximately 1.25 billion animals perished in the fires, where almost 11 million hectares of land and more than 3 thousand houses were burned, mostly in the state of New South Wales. In the research conducted by the Australian government, it was stated that around 3 million people in the country with a population of approximately 25 million were directly affected by fire, and nearly 15 million people were indirectly affected, meaning that three-fourths of the population were damaged by fires.
DEATH OF GEORGE FLOYD
On May 25, 46-year-old George Floyd, who was detained in Minneapolis on suspicion of fraud, was one of the important moments of this year when a policeman pressed his neck with his knee for a long time.
It was announced that Floyd died in the hospital where he was taken to the hospital by the emergency medical teams who came to the scene, and the footage recorded by passers-by on their mobile phones attracted great reaction on social media. Thereupon, discussions on police violence against black people flared up in the country and sparked protests in many cities, especially Minneapolis.
BLACK LIVES MATTER MOVEMENT
The non-governmental organization named “Black Lives Matter”, founded in 2013, organized demonstrations in the USA and even in various parts of the world after 46-year-old George Floyd was unable to breathe for a long time and died.
While the Black Lives Matter movement, which was attended by nearly 20 million people from various parts of the world, became one of the biggest movements in the world history, the US police announced that more than 10 thousand protesters were detained.
As the protests across the country turned into violence and looting, a “curfew” was declared in many cities, and the National Guard was assigned to control the events.
BIDEN WINNER OF THE US ELECTIONS
The US elections came to the fore in world politics this year. In the US presidential elections held on November 3, Democratic candidate Joe Biden was elected as the 46th president of the United States by defeating the current president, Republican Donald Trump.
US President Donald Trump announced that he did not accept the post-election results and took the results to the court. After the results of the court, Donald Trump used the words “I am a candidate again in 2024”.
Joe Biden, who will take an oath on January 20, 2021, received 81 million 283 thousand votes, becoming the US president with the highest number of votes in history, and won 306 of 570 delegates in the election.
BREXIT HAS BEEN REALIZED – TRADE AGREEMENT STARTED
In the United Kingdom, which consists of England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland, the Brexit decision was taken with 52 percent against 48 percent in the EU referendum held in June 2016. Upon this decision, the UK administration, which officially left the EU on January 31, 2020, carried out comprehensive negotiations with the Union on bilateral relations, especially trade. One week before 2021, the parties reached an agreement.
While the EU Commission published the draft “Trade and Cooperation Agreement” agreed with the UK, which left its membership, a new free trade agreement was signed between the parties. The agreement will cover areas such as investment, competition, public subsidies, tax, transport, energy, fisheries, data security and social security, as well as goods and services, while the fish stock in EU and UK territorial waters will be jointly managed. While it is stated that the UK can improve fishing activities, the activities of European fishermen will continue. It is stated that air, road, rail and sea transportation between the EU and the UK will continue, while the EU and the UK will compete fairly in the field of transportation.
AZERBAIJAN – ARMENIAN WAR
The war, which started on September 27, after the attacks on the positions established by the Armenian army after the Karabakh War between 1988-1994, ended with the signing of the agreement accepting the defeat of Armenia on 10 November. After the war that lasted for 44 days, the Azerbaijani army, which was also helped by the Turkish army, saved 5 city centers, 4 towns and 286 villages from the Armenian attack. Thereupon, Armenia accepted the defeat and signed an agreement promising to evacuate the occupied provinces of Aghdam, Lachin and Kelbajar.
The Azerbaijani side stated that 2 thousand 783 Azerbaijani soldiers were martyred and 1245 soldiers were injured during the war, while the Armenian side announced that 2 thousand 425 soldiers were killed.
THE DEATH OF QASSEM SOLEIMANI
The US Department of Defense (Pentagon) announced that on January 3, 2020, it killed the former Quds Force Commander General Qassem Soleimani and Hashdi Shabi Vice President Abu Mahdi al-Engineer in an airstrike at Baghdad Airport on 3 January 2020.
Iranian leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said after the incident, “With his departure, his work will not be stopped and his path will not be closed. The criminals are waiting for a bitter revenge.” While using his statement, the Iranian government executed Mahmud Jewish Mecd, who allegedly spied for MOSSAD and the CIA and shared the information of Soleimani’s location with these services.
POLITICAL EVENTS IN BELARUS
The demonstrations organized by the Belarusian people against Aleksandr Lukashenko, who was the longest serving leader among the former Soviet countries with 26 years as the President of Belarus since 1994, were on the agenda of the world. Demonstrations held before and during the 2020 elections first started on May 24.
Hundreds of people were detained in the events that flared up with the presidential elections held on August 9, while the opposition parties did not accept the election results, stating that they were involved in election fraud. Protesters gathered in many areas, especially Independence Avenue in the city center, in the capital Minsk, against Lukashenko, who was announced to win the election with 80.1 percent of the vote, organized marches and continued their demonstrations in Stella Square.
2020 BEIRUT PORT EXPLOSION
On August 4, a fire broke out in the depot number 12 in the Port of Beirut, and then a very powerful explosion took place that shook the whole city. President Michel Avn said that the explosion was caused by 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate kept in a warehouse at the port for 6 years.
It was announced that 191 people died in the explosion, more than 6 thousand people were injured and a few people were missing. Demonstrations were held on the streets of Lebanon with the demand for punishment of those responsible due to the increasing question marks and allegations of negligence regarding the explosion, and Prime Minister Hassan Diyab announced his resignation on the third day of the protests on 10 August. Lebanon, which was experiencing one of the worst economic crises in its history, was even more difficult with the explosion in the Port of Beirut.
The year 2020 was recorded as the year in which two great athletes who left their mark on sports history died. On January 26, 2020, Kobe Bryant, 41, one of the legendary players of the American Basketball League (NBA), died in a helicopter crash in the city of Calabasas. Having won 5 NBA championships with the Los Angeles Lakers, who died in a helicopter crash with his 13-year-old daughter Gianna, was chosen 18 times as an all-star, won the most valuable player (MVP) of the regular season in 2008 and the final series in 2009 and 2010, USA The death of Kobe Bryant, who won a gold medal in the 2008 and 2012 Olympics with his national team, drowned the sports world.
On November 25, legendary Argentine football player Diego Armando Maradona died at the age of 60. World-famous Argentine former football player and coach Diego Armando Maradona, according to the news in the Argentine press, stated in the preliminary report of the autopsy that he died due to “acute pulmonary edema due to chronic heart failure” while sleeping. Accepted as one of the best footballers in the world, especially with his performance in the 1986 World Cup, Maradona played a leading role in Argentina’s victory in the World Cup, and described the first of the two goals he scored in England in the tournament as “God’s hand”. His second goal for England was chosen as “The Goal of the Century”.
FIRST IN HISTORY: A PRIVATE COMPANY SEND HUMAN TO SPACE
In 2020, for the first time in history, a private company launched a rocket to send people into space. The US company SpaceX successfully sent the Crew Dragon spacecraft from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, USA with 2 astronauts on May 30. While SpaceX, the company owned by Elon Musk, is making its first manned flight into space with this successful launch, on November 16, 2020, SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket, 4 astronauts called “Crew-1” and the International Space Station from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. na (ISS) clamped and launched.
NASA CONFIRMED WATER PRESENCE ON THE MOON
In a written statement by the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Infrared Astronomy Stratosphere Observatory has confirmed for the first time the presence of water on the sunny surface of the Moon. This discovery shows that the water may have been scattered on the lunar surface and not limited to cold and shady places. ” Expression was given. In addition, in September, the US Aviation and Space Agency (NASA) announced that it plans to send two astronauts to the Moon in 2024, and a male and a female astronaut will be sent to the surface of the Moon in 2024 under the program “Artemis”.
SUPER MASS BLACK HOLE DISCOVERED
At the beginning of May, Astronomers announced that they detected a black hole 1000 light-years from Earth. In the study published in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, it was noted that there were 2 stars belonging to the black hole, 8 times the size of the Sun, which can be seen with the naked eye in the open air from the Southern Hemisphere.
In the study, astronomers who observed that one of the stars in question completed the orbit of a hidden object in 40 Earth days, and discovered that this was not just a double star system, but a triple system containing black holes.
According to the article published in the journal “Astronomy & Astrophysics” at the beginning of November, it was announced that the black hole, one billion times the size of the Sun, was detected by the European Southern Observatory (ESO). In the study, it was discovered that 6 galaxies entered the area called “spider web” around the supermassive black hole observed when the universe was not even one billion years old.
BOEING 737 MAX IS BACK, PLANE CRASH IN UKRAINE
On 29 October 2018, shortly after taking off from Jakarta to the city of Pangkal Pinang on Sumatra Island, it crashed into the sea and killed 189 people, shortly after taking off from Addis Ababa to Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, on 10 March 2019. Boeing 737 Max 8 type passenger plane, which crashed after a while and killed 157 people, returned to the runways. The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) announced in a statement that the decision was taken on 20 months of detailed examination and technical corrections.
In 2020, on January 8, 2020, the Boeing 737 type passenger plane belonging to Ukraine Airlines in Iran crashed due to technical malfunction shortly after takeoff. Of the 167 passengers and 9 crew members on board, there were no survivors.