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Foreign policy in US President Trump’s 4 years in office

Donald Trump, who will hand over his US Presidency to Democrat Joe Biden on Wednesday, January 20, did not fall from the agenda of the international public opinion with the decisions he made on foreign policy during his 4 years in office.


Donald Trump, who will hand over the US Presidency to Democrat Joe Biden on January 20, remained on the agenda of the international public opinion with the decisions he made on foreign policy during his 4 years in office.

Trump, one of the most controversial presidents in US history, will hand over his seat to Democrat Joe Biden on Wednesday, January 20.

During his 4 years in office, Trump became one of the most prominent names in the international public opinion with his radical and hard steps in foreign policy.

In addition to the steps he took, Trump attracted attention with his communication with other foreign leaders and his attitude towards international organizations.

One of Trump’s first actions was visa ban for 7 countries

US President Trump imposed a travel ban on Iran, Syria, Libya, Yemen, Somalia, Chad and North Korea on January 27, 2017, a week after taking office, but had to take a step back after the decision was protested by masses at airports, but the bans continued.

Later, Chad was removed from the list for “fulfilling his obligations”. The travel ban was eased, updated and re-enacted, but federal judges in the state of Hawaii and Maryland blocked a nationwide suspension of enforcement decision.

In June 2018, the US Supreme Court announced that Trump approved the travel ban targeting 7 countries, including some Muslim countries, with a 4 to 5 vote, and approved it in accordance with the American Constitution.

Trump’s unconditional support for Israel

Trump, one of the countries he has stood closest to in foreign policy, first announced in December 2017 that they recognized Jerusalem as the “capital of Israel” and approved the move of the US Embassy in Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

On May 14, 2018, a magnificent ceremony was held for the opening of the US embassy in Jerusalem, with the participation of American and Israeli officials, while 60 Palestinians who protested the decision on the besieged Gaza Strip were martyred by Israeli soldiers.

On August 31, 2018, the US State Department announced that Washington had decided to completely cease its financial assistance to the United Nations Palestinian Refugee Assistance Agency (UNRWA).

Trump, who decided to close the office of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in Washington on September 10, 2018, in his meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the White House on March 25, 2019, “Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights is the United States’. He signed the presidential decree declaring that he officially recognized him.

Most recently, Trump mediated countries such as the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Sudan, Morocco, Kosovo and Serbia to normalize their relations with Israel.

Trump’s withdrawal from nuclear deal with Iran and re-imposition of sanctions drew reaction

On May 8, 2018, the Donald Trump administration announced that it had withdrawn from the 2015 nuclear agreement with Iran in order to reach a new agreement involving Iran’s ballistic missile and regional activities.

Afterwards, the USA, which imposed sanctions targeting the Tehran administration’s oil exports, included the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Army on the list of “foreign terrorist organizations” in April 2019.

After Trump took office, he imposed numerous sanctions on Iran, ordering the death of Qassem Soleimani, the country’s critical name in the Middle East, Jerusalem Forces Commander. The two countries came to the brink of war after Trump’s step.

Until the last days of his presidency, Trump tried to corner this country economically by putting many sectors of Iran on the target of sanctions.

Tidal relations with China

Despite the criticism, Trump maintained close ties with Chinese President Xi Jinping, just as with Russian President Vladimir Putin. On the one hand, Trump entered the trade war with China, on the other hand he sought ways between the two countries for a deal.

In this process, Trump, who brought sanctions against China on many issues, including Hong Kong and the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, aggravated his criticism against China after the new type of coronavirus (Covid-19) epidemic and argued that the only responsible of the epidemic was China.

– International agreements and institutions with which Trump broke up drew attention.

Under Trump, the US withdrew from four international agreements, namely the nuclear agreement with Iran, the Paris Climate Agreement, the Open Skies Agreement and the Medium Range Nuclear Forces Agreement.

On the other hand, Trump’s criticism of many international organizations, especially the United Nations and NATO, became one of the important foreign policy topics during his presidency.

Written by Maraaz

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